Dec 08, 2020 - Child Labour and Education - Essay, UPSC MAINS UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Essay on Child Labour: Illegal exploitation of a child for financial or other gains is known as Child labour. 182 to protect children from the worst forms of child labour, including slavery, prostitution and trafficking. Subsequently , government passed Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 which … Child Labour Amendment Act. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 461 times. A number of legislative initiatives have been undertaken at both levels. It deprives the children of their childhood which should be spent. While almost everyone agrees child labour cannot be overlooked, the issue is complex. THE CHILD LABOUR (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986. Due to COVID-19 pandemic, the resulting economic and labour market have a … INTRODUCTION Employment of children below 14 and 15 years in certain prohibited employments have been prohibited by various Acts but there is no procedure laid down in any law for deciding in which employments, occupations or processes the employment of children should be banned. The theme of World Against Child Labour 2020 is "Protect children from child labour, now more than ever". Features/ Benefits. Allows their employment in non hazardous industries . Part of: GS Prelims and Mains II – Social/Child issue; International Organizations and Conventions News: All 187 countries that are members of the UN International Labour Organization (ILO) have now ratified a convention No. Synchronized with RTE: A complete ban on child labour with an exception on familial business during non-schooling hours helps provide a conducive environment for children to acquire elementary education; Rehabilitation Fund has been set up for the same; Concerns ILO Conventions on child labour. It is a crime to employ children below the age of 14 years. Child labour is a big problem in India and the country has highest number of child workers in the world. The steps taken for eradication of Child Labour Prevention: According to the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, children of any age may be employed, provided employers adhere to restrictions, including a maximum of 6-hour workday with a 1-hour rest period, at least 1 day off per week, and no night or over-time work. Insights into Issues: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act Constitutional Provisions Relating to Child Labour: Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous industries. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. According to UNICEF, 13% of the total workforce in India are children. The issue of child labour is still a major one in India, despite the presence of several laws, including the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. 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