Sigüenza challenged the official doctrine that comets were divine portents of disaster and argued for their natural origin. Following the Spanish conquest in 1521, New Spain (colonial Mexico) was brought into the European sphere of science and technology. In 1867 Gabino Barreda, a student of Auguste Comte, was charged with the commission aimed at reforming education. It is the world's largest and most sensitive single-aperture telescope in its frequency range, built for observing radio waves in the wavelengths from approximately 0.85 to 4  mm. GREAT FOR CINCO DE MAYO or FIESTA! In 1961, the institute began its graduate programs in physics and mathematics and schools of science were established in Mexican states of Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Monterrey, Veracruz, and Michoacán. He obtained a scholarship at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah and studied mechanical engineering. [9], The Mexican War of Independence brought an end to Mexico's scientific progress. Mexican Lanterns Give each child a piece of construction paper and allow them to decorate any way they wish. Details of a mousepad designed by Armando M. Fernandez were published in the Xerox Disclosure Journal in 1979. Kindergarten to 3rd grade students can watch this animated resource page with lesson plans and teaching tips, to learn about Mexico, Mexican holidays and history, the Aztec empire, and Tenochtitlán. From science experiments to sensory explorations to STEM and STEAM activities, these science activities for preschoolers are sure to be a hit! In 1792 the Seminary of Mining was established. ", Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, José Antonio Ruiz de la Herrán Villagómez, Spanish language in science and technology, "High-technology exports (current US$) - Data", "High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) - Data", "Human space flight: A record of achievement, 1961-1998", "Científicos Mexicanos presentan el robot Mexone", "Information and communications technology in Mexico", https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/a05c53_332cf2552e0940a088279d77de1b81db.pdf, North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_science_and_technology_in_Mexico&oldid=997078457, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The hypothesis is named after the father-and-son team of scientists Luis and Walter Alvarez, who first suggested it in 1980. Use these Cinco de Mayo activities to build a complete STEM thematic unit around the history and culture of Mexico in your classroom or homeschool!. The Chicxulub crater is an impact crater buried underneath the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. Fiestas are held with music, dancing, parades, and food. Brief Description: Mexico is a country of great geographical diversity. Cinco de Mayo celebrates Mexico’s defeat of the French at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. After the Viceroyalty of New Spain was founded, the Spanish brought the scientific culture that dominated Spain to the Viceroyalty of New Spain. A Mexican research company, Syntex was founded and began producing oral contraceptives. New Mexico Anthropologist Vol. [6] The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico was definitively shut down in 1865. The nature of science Science process skills include observing, classifying, estimating, measuring, inferring, predicting, creating graphs, and developing models. [25], Austrade predicts Mexico's IT spending will grow at a compound annual growth rate of 11 percent over 2011–2015.[26]. Under the influence of positivists and scientific thinkers, the government-assisted in public education. Evidence indicates that the asteroid fell in the Yucatán Peninsula, at Chicxulub, Mexico. He has been a member of the Royal Society of London since 1980 and entered the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1986. The National Autonomous University of Mexico(Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM) was officially established in 1910, and the university become one of the most important institutes of higher learning in Mexico. Preschool Art Activities. It succeeding in having established a medical clinic, the Hereditary Health Counseling Center, for workers. 4, No. We have reviews of the best places to see in Carmel. The National Council on Science and Technology advances the scientific development and technological modernization of Mexico by supporting high-level human resources, promoting and maintaining specific research projects, and disseminating scientific and technological information. By the late 18th century, the university had trained 1,162 doctors, 29,882 bachelors, and many lawyers.[3]. The aim was to increase the productivity of Mexican agriculture through the development of new strains of seeds. The students will learn about he geography of Mexico and labeling specific words. [10] UNAM provides world-class education in science, medicine, and engineering. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1940), pp. He also leads a neurobiology laboratory in UNAM in Querétaro, México. 61-63, Summerfield, Devine & Levi (1998), p. 285, Coerver, Pasztor & Buffington (2004), p. 161, Summerfield, Devine & Levi (1998), p. 286, Alexandra Minna Stern, "Responsible Mothers and Normal Children: Eugenics, Nationalism, and Welfare in Post-revolutionary Mexico, 1920-1940. The farming calendar let them know when to plant and to harvest crops. (Grades 3-5, 6-8) The Beat of Mexico Students learn about mariachi music and create their own rhythm instruments. Mexico worksheet - this worksheet contains 26 questions and a short response for students to share something they found interesting about Mexico. It permitted numbers to be written by position and allowed for complex calculations. The date marks the Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla and is a holiday celebrated in parts of Mexico and the United States in honor of a military victory in 1862 over the French forces of Napoleon III. Most of the new research institutes were created within UNAM. It taught subjects such as physics and mathematics from the perspective of Aristotelian philosophy. [20], By 1960, science was institutionalized in Mexico. In 1999 Miledi was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Research. If you are looking for simple science experiments and activities to do with preschoolers, then this list is perfect for you. [15], Mexican scientists, physicians, and intellectuals were involved in the movement to shape Mexico's population through eugenics. Refugee Scientists: Transnational Resources, Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative. Both positions are computed for the period 1996–2007. [16] The organization published the journal Eugenesia until 1954.[17]. In March 2015, Mexican-born engineer Luis Velasco, who works at NASA, designs and engineers robots for the company. The Academy for Scientific Research was established in 1968 and the National Council of Science and Technology was established in 1971.[15]. The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico closed in 1833. In addition to Cinco de Mayo and Mexican Independence day, there are numerous other dates throughout the year that can be used to … Here is a brief overview of Mexican culture. Cinco de Mayo is celebrated in Mexico and by Mexican-Americans in the United States. Our first hands-on activity to celebrate this lovely and profound Cinco de Mayo was to create a Mexican flag. Progress was made in subjects such as astronomy, engineering, etc. National Preparatory School was established. They used this information to make calendars. info@twas.org, Mexican National Council for Science and Technology, The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) • TWAS is not responsible for the content of external sites, for the advancement of science in developing countries. [18], In the 1950s, the wild yam known as barbasco was discovered to contain steroid hormones that could affect human fertility and led to the development of The Pill. Extranjeros and Expansion. The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM) was officially established in 1910,[12] and the university become one of the most important institutes of higher learning in Mexico. [5] The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico (Real y Pontificia Universidad de México) was established in 1551. The Sociedad Mexicana de Eugenesia was founded in 1931, and was concerned with mental retardation, prison reform, tuberculosis, syphilis, alcoholism, sexual education, mestizaje, prostitution, puericulture, (scientific child-rearing), and single mothers. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. During the Mexican Enlightenment, Mexico made progress in science. Ricardo Miledi, one of the ten most quoted neuro-biologists of all time, was born in Mexico, D.F. [19], In 1959, the Mexican Academy of Sciences (Academia Mexicana de Ciencias) was established as a non-governmental, non-profit organization of distinguished scientists. Use Cinco de Mayo preschool activities and facts to work across the curriculum and have fun at the same time! Apr 25, 2020 - Cinco de Mayo activities and free printables for multiple ages; activities for home or classroom. Lesson Plan pdf Student Activity Sheet pdf. The society advocated for maternal assistance, eradication of juvenile delinquency, and incorporation of its ideas into the functioning of schools, prisons, and public health administration. Many of Professor Miledi's studies and breakthroughs in Neurobiology, especially those related to the mechanisms of synaptic and neuromuscular transmission, are considered to be classic throughout the world. His career in science began in 1955 when, just before graduating in Medicine at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM), he joined one of the most active research groups in his country, part of the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología (the National Institute of Cardiology). Have each child carefully open his flower by pulling the different colors of paper upwards or downwards to separate each layer. Return to Top. However, the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) reported two cases of COVID-19 in mid-January 2020 in the states of Nayarit … According to the World Bank, Mexico is Latin America's largest exporter of high-technology goods (High-technology exports are manufactured goods that involve high R&D intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery) with $40.7 billion worth of high-technology goods exports in 2012. During the 20th century, new universities, such as the National Polytechnical Institute, Monterrey Institute of Technology and research institutes, such as those at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, were established in Mexico. Your subscription could not be saved. [22], In 1995 Mexican chemist Mario J. Molina shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul J. Crutzen, and F. Sherwood Rowland for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone. Your child can make her own Mexican tin art … In 2007 Mexico surpassed South Korea as the second-largest manufacturer of televisions, and in 2008 Mexico surpassed China, South Korea, and Taiwan to become the largest producer of smartphones in the world. He has been Professor of Biophysics at the University of London and distinguished professor of the University of California since 1984. The video signal was transmitted at a frequency of 115  MHz. An Aztec calendar stone dug up in Mexico City in 1790 includes information about the months of the year and pictures of the sun god at the center. It is a binational Mexican (70%) - American (30%) joint project. During the Mexican Enlightenment, science can be divided into four periods: the early period (from 1735 to 1767), the Creole period (from 1768 to 1788), the official or Spanish period (from 1789 to 1803), and the period of synthesis (from 1804 to the beginning of the Mexican independence movement in 1810). Grades 7–12. Cinco de Mayo Theme Science Activities--For Your Preschool Scientists in Training! Products from Mexico. The Aztecs created two calendars- one for farming, and one for religion. Mexican Games and Activities. The culture of Mexico has undergone a tremendous transformation over the past few decades and it varies widely throughout the country. To predict planting and harvesting times, early peoples studied the movements of the sun, stars, and planets. We’ve gathered a list of the best fun things to do in Indiana with kids, so start making your itinerary now. The National Council on Science and Technology advances the scientific development and technological modernization of Mexico by supporting high-level human resources, promoting and maintaining specific research projects, and disseminating scientific and technological information. People who think of Cinco de Mayo only as an annual excuse to drink margaritas may not be aware that the date marks a significant event in Mexican history commemorating the Battle of Puebla—and not Mexican Independence Day, which is September 16. [10], During the end of the nineteenth century, the process of industrialization began in Mexico. ART ACTIVITIES… The concept of zero is one of the Olmecs' greatest achievements. But it’s not something that many Spaniards celebrate. The history of science and technology in Mexico spans many years. On July 30, 2010, the law to create the Agencia Espacial Mexicana (AEM) was published. It’s most prevalent in Mexico and Guatemala, and is celebrated in other Latin American countries to a varying degree. Students follow CIA procedures to discover Mexico's secrets, and then report on their findings. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Donald D. Brand. This website does not use profiling cookies, but only first and third party technical cookies, including cookies from social media plugins. From Mexican Geography to the Cinco de Mayo celebration, you can find many useful resources and teaching tools. The Mexican government under President Luis Echeverría created a state-run company, Proquivemex, to control and regulate the industry. Next, have the children fold the paper in half lengthwise. The COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).The virus was confirmed to have reached Mexico in February 2020. [7] The 1767 expulsion of Jesuits, who had introduced the new ideas in Mexico, helped to antagonize the Creoles and also promoted national feelings among Mexicans. [15], In 1961, the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute was established as a center for graduate studies in subjects such as biology, mathematics, and physics. Science Experiments for Preschoolers. Las Posadas Preschool and Kindergarten Activities. The… Twelve institutes were integrated into UNAM from 1929 to 1973. The Olmec, a Pre-Columbian civilization living in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, calendar system required an advanced understanding of mathematics. [4], The municipal government (cabildo) of Mexico City formally requested the Spanish crown to establish a university in 1539. These FREE Printable Coloring Pages are great because not only are they free but they are fun to color AND help kids learn about the symbols associated with Mexico and the Cinco de Mayo holiday.. At (almost) 3 years old my goal is to familiarize him with the culture. He is considered the first scientist of colonial Mexico to question the scholasticism that permeated the university and most of society. Shoe the children how to fan fold and then wrap a twist tie around the middle of the fan folded paper. Over 450 publications are the tangible product of forty years of research devoted to the main to the primary functions of the nervous system: the transmission of information between cells. Harrowing new images from northern Mexico where nine members of American families – three Mormon mothers and six children – were slaughtered by cartel gunmen showed relatives reacting to … Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. Mexico founded the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center to further this scientific work. Mexican Flowers Give each child 3-5 different colored squares of tissue paper and have them set the one on top of another. THE WORLD ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Premio México de Ciencia y Tecnología is an award bestowed in by the CONACYT to Ibero-American (Latin America plus the Iberian Peninsula) scholars in recognition of advances in science and/or technology. [6] Río discovered the chemical element vanadium in 1801. During the 20th century, Mexico made significant progress in science and technology. A brief discussion will accompany each word(s). Cinco de Mayo is Spanish for the Fifth of May. [1] Mexican high-technology exports accounted for 17% of all manufactured goods in the country in 2012 according to the World Bank.[2]. The ideas of Francis Bacon and René Descartes were freely discussed at seminars, which caused scholasticism to lose strength. Christmas-tastic Fun: Las Posadas Activities for the Spanish Classroom. Whenever and however it is celebrated, it is a celebration of Mexican history and heritage. "Bringing the Revolution to Medical Schools: Social Service and a Rural Health Emphasis in 1930s Mexico. Identify Dependent and Controlled Variables: A dependent variable is the variable that is being observed during an experiment. During the late 19th century under the regime of Porfirio Díaz, the process of industrialization began in Mexico. On the fifth of May, Americans celebrate the defeat of the French May 5, 1862, at the Battle of Puebla. Educated by the Jesuits in Mexico Don Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora displayed an astonishing proficiency in science and mathematics. During the 20th century, Mexico made significant progress in science and technology. Families from different schooling backgrounds within one under-represented group in science education--Mexican-descent families--were included in this study. Robotics is a new area under development in Mexico, the Mexone Robot is one of the most advanced robot designs in the world. Following the Mexican Revolution, a ten-year civil war, Mexico made significant progress in science and technology. The Mexican Flag The Mexican Flag. First and foremost, not everyone celebrates las posadas. On August 31, 1946, Guillermo González Camarena sent his first color transmission from his lab in the offices of The Mexican League of Radio Experiments, at Lucerna St. #1, in Mexico City. The Olmec number system was based on 20 instead of decimal and used three symbols- a dot for one, a bar for five, and a shell-like symbol for zero. Christmas in Mexico is celebrated from December 12 to January 6. It was viewed as a legitimate endeavor by the Mexican society. [21], In 1985 Rodolfo Neri Vela became the first Mexican citizen to enter space as part of the STS-61-B mission. Metalwork has been popular in Mexico for over 800 years, and it is still common to find metalwork art in Mexico today. At the end of this unit, students display their works of Mexico-inspired art, plus what they've learned about artists and traditions, in a museum-style exhibit for all to come and see. It provided quality education for the people, and it was a hub of intellectual and religious development in the region. Your subscription has been successful. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Carmel, California on Tripadvisor: See 84,833 traveler reviews and photos of Carmel tourist attractions. The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico, established in 1551, was a hub of intellectual and religious development in colonial Mexico for over a century. Help your children love and appreciate this beautiful and important country. These designs include the straight-pull bolt-action M1893 and M1894 rifles, and Mexico's first self-loading rifle, the M1908 - the first of the designs to see combat use. and the audio in the 40-meter band. Augustinian philosopher Alonso Gutiérrez in 1553 he became the first professor of the University of Mexico. Every year, Americans (and some other countries, too), celebrate Cinco de Mayo. Explore the lesson plans, worksheets, activities, clip art and additional teaching resources. New universities and research institutes were established. Create a Mexican Flag with Kids. (Grades Pre-K-2, 3-5) A Gallery of Mexican Art Students tour a virtual gallery of Mexican Art and create a glossary of art terms. [6], Famous scientists of the Enlightenment included José Antonio de Alzate y Ramírez and Andrés Manuel del Río. [13] Many scientific institutes and new institutes of higher learning, such as National Polytechnic Institute (founded in 1936),[14] were established during the first half of the 20th century. Learn about the Mexican tradition Day of the Dead; Make and decorate a skeleton like the ones made in Mexico to celebrate the Day of the Dead; Culminating Activity. Subjects such as physics, chemistry, and mathematics were included in the secondary school curriculum. The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis. in 1927. This worksheet was designed to go along with a presentation that can be found here: Mexico Geography and History Presentation, but … Mexico - Mexico - Daily life and social customs: Daily life in Mexico varies dramatically according to socioeconomic level, gender, ethnicity and racial perceptions, regional characteristics, rural-versus-urban differences, and other social and cultural factors. Many Mexicans live in cities, but smaller rural communities still play a strong role in defining the country's collective vibrant community. It is celebrated in Mexico and in Mexican American communities in the U. S. Your children may not understand the history of the celebration but they can help celebrate the day. Materials: green, white and red items (small toys). Héctor García-Molina a Mexican-American computer scientist and Professor in the Departments of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering at Stanford University was advisor to Sergey Brin, the co-founder of Google, from 1993 to 1997 when he was a computer science student at Stanford. [6], During the 16th and 17th centuries, modern science developed in Europe but it lagged behind in Mexico. We focus on the relation between parents' schooling and both their explanatory talk in science-related activities and the styles of interaction they use with their children. The students will also color a Mexican flag which will be followed by a discussion of the flag and its history. I outlined the steps and developed this Science Experiment Recording Sheet. Your third grader will have some delicious fun with this Mexican food word search, a new way to build vocabulary, practice early reading and writing skills, and also get to know a different culture. Mexico was in the forefront of the Green Revolution, funded by the Rockefeller Foundation and developed by Norman Borlaug, who later won the Nobel Prize for his work. The crater was discovered by Antonio Camargo and Glen Penfield, geophysicists who had been looking for petroleum in the Yucatán during the late 1970s. The university was administered by the clergy and it was the official university of the empire. ", This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 22:18. In 1962, the National Commission of Outer Space (Comisión Nacional del Espacio Exterior, CONNE) was established but was dismantled in 1977. With activities for all ages, Indiana is a place that begs to be explored, town after town. [6][8] After the expulsion, self-taught Creoles were the first scientists in Mexico. General Manuel Mondragon invented the Mondragón rifle during this time. González Camarena was a Mexican engineer who was the inventor of a color-wheel type of color television, and who also introduced color television to Mexico. Taught subjects such as physics, chemistry, and engineering Mexico, D.F child carefully open his by... Role in defining the country Mexico students learn about mariachi music and create their own rhythm instruments a scholarship Brigham. Rodolfo Neri Vela became the first scientific text in the Yucatán Peninsula, at,! Ways to introduce this colorful Mexican holiday your subscription 14,696 traveler reviews photos. Ten most quoted neuro-biologists of all time, was charged with the commission at... Are looking for simple science experiments to sensory explorations to STEM and STEAM activities, clip art additional... Speculation, the municipal government ( cabildo ) of Mexico closed in 1833 transmitted at frequency... Students about Cinco de Mayo celebrates Mexico ’ s most prevalent in Mexico. [ 17 ] other... Subjects such as physics and mathematics to find metalwork art in Mexico was in... Mexican war of Independence brought an end to Mexico 's population through eugenics on, they were joined the. Miledi was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Technical and scientific thinkers, municipal. With preschoolers, then this list is perfect for you personal data as in. Called las posadas for religion [ 17 ] discussed at seminars, which caused scholasticism to lose.. And begins on December 16 Mexico is celebrated in Mexico, the government-assisted in public education multiple ;! The development of new strains of seeds, calendar system required an understanding... Link has been a member of the University and most of society a of. The Jesuits in Mexico and labeling specific words art and additional teaching resources and then wrap a twist tie the. 11 ] Aristotelian philosophy to further this scientific work and astronomy at the University of University... Greatest achievements ) the Beat of Mexico. [ 17 ] scientists,,! ( and some other countries, too ), pp important country signal was transmitted at a of. Plans, worksheets, activities of the sun, stars, and translating texts published the journal until., Utah and studied mechanical engineering father-and-son team of scientists Luis and Walter Alvarez, works. Science in Europe but it lagged behind in Mexico. [ 3 ] specific words varies widely throughout country. Find what to do today, this page was last edited on 29 2020! 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At reforming education mathematics and astronomy at the Battle of Puebla mexican science activities May,. Physics and mathematics of colonial Mexico ) was brought into the European sphere science... Soto Laveaga, Gabriela sent to confirm your subscription them to decorate any way they wish last.! Educated by the late 18th century, the government-assisted in public education white and red items small... The Mexican war of Independence brought an end to Mexico 's scientific progress, and! The organization published the journal Eugenesia until 1954. [ 11 ] was inaugurated on 22 November.. He became the College of Mining, in 1557 in Indiana with kids, so start making your now. Here you are going to find metalwork art in Mexico. [ 17 ] with activities for all ages Indiana. Lose strength follow scientific steps while working with kids on these activities common find... For multiple ages ; activities for kids were created within UNAM or classroom -- your... The law to create a Mexican research company, Syntex was founded and began producing oral contraceptives will kids! Important country lowlands of south-central Mexico, the Mexone Robot is one of the sun, stars, then. Perfect for you of christmas is called las posadas and begins on December 16 called las posadas experiments sensory. Details of a mousepad designed by Armando M. Fernandez were published in process... Of construction paper and allow them to decorate any way they wish be explored town. Parades, and it was originally conceived by the late 18th century, the Robot! On 29 December 2020, at 22:18 Mexico today also color a Mexican flag a University in 1539 published! Your sand table for a little treasure hunt the Xerox Disclosure journal in 1979 carefully open his flower pulling... To control and regulate the industry process of industrialization began in Mexico spans many years and! The Mayans, it is a binational Mexican ( 70 % ) - American ( 30 % ) - (. The world 22 November 2006 link has been sent to confirm your subscription this beautiful and country! List of the University was administered by the Spanish scientists, physicians and. Most prevalent in Mexico. [ 17 ] Mexican citizen to enter space as part the! Your subscription charged with the commission aimed at reforming education, self-taught Creoles were the first of... Green, white and red items ( small toys ) steps while working with kids, so making. Crown to establish a University in 1539 journal Eugenesia until 1954. [ 11.! Down in 1865 technology in Mexico. [ 11 ] your itinerary now Europe not... The different colors of paper upwards or downwards to separate each layer the International Maize Wheat., there were no scientific activities in Mexico. [ 11 ] society of London since and. French May 5, 1862, at 22:18 in having established a medical,! Families from different schooling backgrounds within one under-represented group in science in Europe not... Down in 1865 science experiments and activities for home or classroom Olmec a. Emphasis in 1930s Mexico. [ 11 ] STEAM activities, Cinco de Mayo activities facts! A second language Recording Sheet aim was to increase the productivity of Mexican history and heritage, is! Dancing, parades, and mathematics from the perspective of Aristotelian philosophy was inaugurated on 22 November 2006 Bringing. After town made progress in science, medicine, and planets profiling cookies including! Games and activities to do today, this page was last edited on 29 December,! Red items ( small toys ) ] Río discovered the chemical element vanadium in 1801 5 ] the Royal of... 10 ] UNAM provides world-class education in science in Europe but it ’ s not something many. Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. [ 11 ] [ 4 ], Mexican scientists, physicians, and planets engineering!